The Barcelona School

The features that characterize the Barcelona School are a rationalist constructive language, a reflection on the Mediterranean and on tradition and popular elements in architecture, and an interest in design.

The Barcelona School refers to a group of Catalan architects whose work exhibited a series of shared characteristics, beginning in 1965 and continuing through the mid-1970s.  Unlike other groups in the architectural avant-garde, like the GATCPAC, the Barcelona School was never a formal group, nor was it associated with a foundational text or manifesto. The existence of a “Barcelona School” is based on a critical reading or interpretation of the reality of the architectural production that took place in Catalonia during those years. As a result, it was not a closed group, nor did the members take part in any type of formal affiliation.

Members

While the list of members cannot be considered complete or exhaustive, the following studios and architects are often associated with the Barcelona School:

Federico Correa, Alfons Milà, Estudio PER (integrated by Lluís Clotet, Pep Bonet, Christian Cirici and Óscar Tusquets) Gabriel Mora, Helio Piñón & Albert Viaplana, the Taller de Arquitectura with Ricardo Bofill, MBM (Oriol Bohigas. Josep Martorell and David Mackay), Lluís Cantallops, Ramon Maria Puig, Leandre Sabater, Lluís Nadal, Vicenç Bonet, Pere Puigdefàbregues, Enric Tous & Josep Maria Fargas.

International Connections

The production of the Barcelona School revealed a connection with the contemporary movement at the Milan School. The influence of Federico Correa on a generation of Catalan architects, through his role as a professor at the Barcelona School of Architecture, was also decisive. Given the timeliness and obvious ideological and contextual coincidences, Bohigas defined the “Barcelona School” as a local reflection of the climate that existed in Italy with what was called architectural neorealism. There are similarities in the features that characterize both movements: a rationalist constructive language, a reflection on the Mediterranean and on tradition and popular elements in architecture, and an interest in design.

Modernity and Tradition

The architecture of the School of Barcelona was intended to respond to collective needs, exploring the possibilities of traditional construction techniques and considering the conditioning factors for each project and its context. There was a continuity with rationalism in the sincere expression of the construction techniques and the logical decisions that informed the designs. Its representatives adopted an avant-garde approach, and in their work they were able to predict, test and “push” the formal codes characteristic of the architecture of their time towards new avenues of expression.

Legacy

The architecture of the Barcelona School laid the ideological and formal foundations for the profound urban transformations of the 1980s and it helps to explain the amazing architectural climate in Barcelona in the pre-Olympic years, as well as the widespread international attention and admiration it received. In this sense, the Barcelona School was just that: a space for collective reflection and generational transmission and continuity, both in the academic realm and in professional architecture studios.

Grupo de viviendas San Jorge. Núcleo de 576 viviendas y locales comerciales en Viladecans

Avenida dels Germans Gabrielistes 16-28; Calle de la Vila 7-17; Pasaje Grup Sant Jordi 1-19
08840, Viladecans, España

See fiche

Grupo de apartamentos en el Golf Platja de Pals

Carrer del Golf 78, Platja de Pals
17256, Pals, España

See fiche

Edificio de viviendas en la calle Nicaragua

Carrer Nicaragua, 97-99
08029, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Cooperativa de viviendas San José Obrero

Cooperativa de viviendas San José Obrero

Calle maestro Giner, 14
12200, Onda, España

See fiche

Casa Esteller

Calle Barrio Recholar s/n, esquina CV-20
, Onda, España

See fiche

Casa Font

Casa Font

Calle Mediterrània núm.85
17257, Torroella de Montgrí, España

See fiche

Escuela Thau

Avinguda d'Esplugues 49-53
08034, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Casa Heredero

Desvio carretera C-28 (de Esterri d’Àneu a entre quilometro 36 -37. Diseminado Baqueira número 29
25598, Tredòs, España

See fiche

Residència Germanetes dels Pobres, Casa de Ancianos para las Hermanitas de los Pobres de Lérida.

carretera De la Vall d'Aran (N-230), Km. 5,500
25196, Lleida, España

See fiche

Escola Garbí

Carrer Sant Mateu, 13
08950, Esplugues de Llobregat, España

See fiche

Proyecto de un edificio destinado a viviendas en el solar con frente a las calles Tres Torres y José Agulló

Carrer de les Tres Torres 44-50 y José Agulló 19-23
08017, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Sede del Banco Industrial de Cataluña 7

Sede del Banco Industrial de Cataluña

Avinguda Diagonal, 66
08034, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Edificio de viviendas Can Bruixa

Edificio de viviendas Can Bruixa

Carrer de Galileu 281
08028, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Proyecto de 36 viviendas subvencionadas en San Andrés. Bloques de viviendas en avenida Meridiana

Avenida Río de Janeiro, 118
08016, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Edificio de servicios de la Fábrica Piher

Riera Canyadó, calle Occitània
08911, Badalona, España

See fiche

Casa Puig

Carrer Sant Sebastià, 22
08480, L'Ametlla del Vallès, España

See fiche

Parroquia Crist Redemptor

Avinguda de la Mare de Deu de Montserrat 34 – 40
08024, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Edificio de viviendas en la calle Lepanto

Edificio de viviendas en la calle Lepanto

Carrer Lepant, 307-307 bis
08025, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Edificio WALDEN-7

Carretera Reial, 106
08960, Sant Just Desvern, España

See fiche

Flash Flash Tortillería

Carrer de la Granada del Penedès, 25
08006, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Edificio Atalaya

Avinguda Diagonal, 523
08029, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Edificio de apartamentos el Castillo de Kafka

Sant Pere de Ribes. Urbanización Vallpineda
08810, Sant Pere de Ribes, España

See fiche

Edificio de viviendas (calle Johann Sebastian Bach 2-4)

Carrer Johann Sebastian Bach, 2-4
08021, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Parvulario y residencia

Calle Sor Águeda núm. 6 -Calle de Francesc Fivaller
07760, Ciutadella (Menorca), España

See fiche

Edificio de viviendas (avenida Meridiana)

Avenida Meridiana nº 312bis-318
08026, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Apartamentos Santa Águeda

Avenida Ferrandis Salvador/calle Boniche
12560, Benicassim, España

See fiche

Edificio de viviendas (calle Johann Sebastián Bach 28)

Calle Johann Sebastián Bach 28
, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Banca Catalana

Passeig de Gràcia 84
08008, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Casa Luján

Casa Lujan

Carretera B-143 a Caldes de Montbui 71, km 6
08184, Palau de Plegamans, España

See fiche

Mútua Metalúrgica de Seguros

Mútua Metalúrgica de Seguros

Avenida Diagonal 394-398
08037, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Grupo escolar El Timbaler del Bruc

Calle Escocia 111
08016, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Grupo escolar Baró de Viver

Grupo escolar Baró de Viver

Calle de Tucumán 1-7
08030, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Fábrica Montesa

Virgen de la Paloma 21-53
08950, Esplugues de Llobregat, España

See fiche

Apartamentos Europalma

Apartamentos Europalma

Calle Bellavista 143, Costa de la Calma
07184, Calviá (Mallorca), España

See fiche

Casa Julià

Avenida del Pi 22, Paraje Es Colomer
17488, Cadaqués, España

See fiche

Casa Rumeu

Casa Rumeu

Calle de Ses Oliveres 11
17488, Cadaqués, España

See fiche

Edificio de viviendas (passeig Maragall)

Edificio de viviendas (passeig Maragall)

Passeig Maragall 243-247
08032, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Casas pareadas Nadal

Casas pareadas Nadal

Calle Josep Pla 12
17230, Palamós, España

See fiche

Casa Villavecchia – Viviendas modernas en el casco antiguo de Cadaqués

Eduard Marquina 7
17488, Cadaqués, España

See fiche

Edificio de viviendas (calle Roger de Flor)

Edificio de viviendas (calle Roger de Flor)

Calle Roger de Flor 215
08025, Barcelona, España

See fiche

Grupo de viviendas Milans del Bosch

Grupo de viviendas Milans del Bosch

Calle de Sant Adrià 168-196
08030, Barcelona, España

See fiche