DOCOMOMO was set up to study and document the architecture of the Modern Movement, aiming to have this legacy recognised as part of our twentieth century culture, and to protect and preserve it.
Therefore it was essential to identify the buildings that comprise this heritage, find out the circumstances in which they were created, safeguard the project documents and assess their current condition. The Iberian DOCOMOMO Register has done this work in successive phases. During the first, general, phase 166 buildings in the Iberian Peninsula were identified as most representative of the period from 1925 to 1965, and this clarified the overall situation. In a series of subsequent phases the various themes of modern architecture were documented — industry, housing and social facilities. In due course the Register included about 1,200 works.
This work led to a theoretical discussion, not just about the various themes of the recorded works, but also other aspects including their relevance to the study period as well as protection and conservation of the buildings. Since 1997, therefore, seminars and biennial congresses have been held.
All this has given rise to various publications and exhibitions, essential for disseminating and publicising the architectural heritage of the twentieth century. These are about the first general register, completed in 1996, and the subsequent thematic registers covering industry, housing and social facilities. The publications, together with the archive, databases it generated and documentation of the seminars and congresses, make up a valuable group of documents.
Concentrating on the identification and study of the built heritage of modernity, there have been other activities. An important one is the Inventory of Spanish Twentieth Century Architecture with more than 6,000 entries in the database.